Z. Ivkić, M. Špehar, Vesna Bulić
Jun 19, 2012
The objective of this study was to estimate genetic parameters and envirinmental effects on somatic cell counte in Croatian dairy cows. Data consisted of 861, 417 test-day records for Simmental and 656, 272 for Holstein cows. For Simmental breed, number of animals in pedigree was 123, 199, while pedigree file for Holstein breed included 94, 294 animals. A single-trait repeatability fixed regression test-day model was used to estimate genetic parameters. Fixed effects in the model were parity and calving season. Days in milk was fitted using Ali- Schaeffer lactation curve nested within parity. Age at first calving was modelled as quadratic regression. Direct additive genetic effect, herd, herd-test-date, and permanent environmental effect of cow within parity were included in the model as random effect. Variance components were estimated using Residual Maximum Likelihood method as implemented in the VCE-6 program. Estimated heritabilities were 0, 21 for Simmental and 0, 15 for the Holstein breed. Permanent environmental effect explained 19 % of phenotypic variation in Simmental and 20 % in Holstein breed. Herd and herd-test-date accounted for another 9 % and 5 % of variability for Simmental breed. The effects of herd and herd-test-date explained 10 % and 5 % of phenotypic variance in Holstein breed.