Pritha Bari, K. Bhattacharya
Jul 26, 2019
Journal of Cosmology and Astroparticle Physics
In the present work we present the full treatment of scalar and vector cosmological perturbations in a non-singular bouncing universe in the context of metric f(R) cosmology. Scalar metric perturbations in f(R) cosmology were previously calculated in the Jordan frame, in the present paper we successfully use the Einstein frame to calculate the scalar metric perturbations where the cosmological bounce takes place in the Jordan frame. The Einstein frame picture presented corrects and completes a previous calculation of scalar perturbations and adds new information. Behavior of fluid velocity potential and the pure vector fluid velocity terms are elaborately calculated for the first time in f(R) cosmology for a bouncing universe in presence of exponential gravity. It is shown that the vector perturbations can remain bounded and almost constant during the non-singular bounce in f(R) gravity unlike general relativistic models where we expect the vector perturbations to be growing during the contracting phase and decaying during the expanding phase. The paper shows that the Einstein frame can be used for calculation of scalar and vector metric perturbations in a bouncing universe for most of the cases except the case of asymmetric non-singular bounces.