F. J. Pérez García, F. J. Regadera Sejas, J. R. Rodríguez Martínez
Archivos espanoles de urologia
OBJECTIVE To present our experience with synchronous bilateral renal adenocarcinoma. The indications for conservative surgery, the different types and the controversies are discussed. METHODS 5 patients with bilateral renal adenocarcinoma from our series of 320 renal adenocarcinomas were analyzed for gender, age at presentation, tumor location, size, presenting features and type of surgery performed. RESULTS Bilateral renal adenocarcinoma accounted for 1.56% in our series. Mean age at presentation was 57.8 years (range 43-69 years). All 5 patients were male. All patients underwent conservative surgery by tumor excision or partial nephrectomy of the side with less involvement followed by delayed radical surgery of the contralateral side. Follow-up ranged from 19 months to 14 years. To date all patients are disease-free and only one is on dialysis 14 years postoperatively. CONCLUSIONS Bilateral renal adenocarcinoma has been reported to account for 1.4%-5% of all renal masses. The incidence in our series was 1.56%. Conservative renal surgery is indicated in patients like those described herein to prevent the need for dialysis. In our view, conservative renal surgery is a good therapeutic option that carries a small risk of tumor multicentricity and future recurrence.