A. W. Mode, P. A. Chikezie, O. Ekwenye
Dec 21, 2017
Arabian Journal of Geosciences
A high-resolution study involving the integration of cores, wireline logs and reflection seismic dataset was used to unravel the facies assemblages, reservoir quality and hydrocarbon potential of E1 and H9 reservoirs in the “PAC” field, Offshore Niger Delta. Facies analysis of the cored PAC-14 well shows six lithofacies: massive mudstone, parallel-laminated mudstones with sideritic bands, fine-grained parallel-laminated sandstone, medium-grained parallel-laminated sandstone, fine-grained ripple laminated sandstone, and coarse massive sandstone. These lithofacies were grouped into five facies associations: channel story axis (CSA), channel story margin (CSM), inter-channel thin beds (ICTB), mud-rich thin beds (MRTB) and injectites (INJ). These facies associations are typical of a confined channel and basin floor fan deposit of a deep-water turbidite depositional environment. Reservoir unit E1 was dominated by the facies association CSA while the H9 reservoir consists mainly of the facies associations MRTB and INJ. The observed sand injectites are suggested to have formed due to overloading of compacted sands leading to upward remobilization of sand into the overlying shale. Seismic horizons and faults were mapped to understand the structures, trend and reflections within the study area. Results from petrophysical volumetrics estimated the net hydrocarbon pore volume for the E1 and H9 reservoirs as 456 MMBBL and 378 MMBBL, respectively. Exploration for deep-water reservoir mainly targets high amplitude and bright seismic reflectors and ignores the low amplitude reflectors (dim loops) which are typically interpreted as non-reservoir units. However, this study shows a low-amplitude reflector containing medium-grained sand injectite unit, which has high porosity (31.7%) and permeability (4472 mD) values, and contains recoverable hydrocarbon.