J. Lischner, J. Deslippe, Manish Jain
Feb 22, 2012
Physical review letters
We develop a Green's function approach to quasiparticle excitations of open-shell systems within the GW approximation. It is shown that accurate calculations of the characteristic multiplet structure require a precise knowledge of the self-energy and, in particular, its poles. We achieve this by constructing the self-energy from appropriately chosen mean-field theories on a fine frequency grid. We apply our method to a two-site Hubbard model, several molecules, and the negatively charged nitrogen-vacancy defect in diamond and obtain good agreement with experiment and other high-level theories.