Rongyi Wang, Kohei Tsuji, Takuya Kobayakawa
Nov 1, 2022
Bioorganic & medicinal chemistry
Hybrid molecules containing small CD4 mimics and gp41-C-terminal heptad repeat (CHR)-related peptides have been developed. A YIR-821 derivative was adopted as a CD4 mimic, which inhibits the interaction of gp120 with CD4. SC-peptides, SC34 and SC22EK, were also used as CHR-related peptides, which inhibit the interaction between the N-terminal heptad repeat (NHR) and CHR and thereby membrane fusion. Therefore, these hybrid molecules have dual-targets of gp120 and gp41. In the synthesis of the hybrid molecules of CD4 mimic-SC-peptides with different lengths of linkers, two conjugating methods, Cu-catalyzed azide-alkyne cycloaddition and direct cysteine alkylation, were performed. The latter reaction caused simpler operation procedures and higher synthetic yields than the former. The synthesized hybrid molecules of CD4 mimic-SC22EK have significantly higher anti-HIV activity than each sole agent. The present data should be useful in the future design of anti-HIV agents as dual-target entry inhibitors.