J. Filip, F. Bosi, M. Novák
Jun 1, 2012
Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta
We present a detailed study of thermally-driven oxidation and reduction of Fe in the structure of schorl (as the most widespread tourmaline), Fe2+-bearing olenite and fluor-schorl. The principal Fe3+-rich tourmaline investigated in this study is a natural schorl sample from a unique occurrence in peralkaline rocks near Cancrinite Hill, east of Bancroft, southern Ontario. Tourmaline samples were thermally-treated in air and hydrogen at temperatures of 700, 800 and 900 C to oxidize or reduce the structural Fe. High-temperature changes were continuously monitored using 57Fe Mossbauer and infrared spectroscopy. Proportions of Fe2+ and Fe3+ vary as a function of the heat treatment. An increase in Fe3+ up to 100% after heating in air at 700 C was observed, whereas only small changes in the Fe3+/Fetot ratio after heating under hydrogen at 700 C was revealed. Partial deprotonation/protonation represents charge compensation for the oxidation/reduction of Fe at the Y and Z sites.