E. Mulder, G. Lamers-stahlhofen, H. van der Molen
May 1, 1972
The Biochemical journal
1. The 17beta-hydroxy steroid dehydrogenase was solubilized during haemolysis of erythrocytes and was isolated from the membrane-free haemolysate. Membrane preparations isolated in different ways did not contain 17beta-hydroxy steroid dehydrogenase activity. The 17beta-hydroxy steroid dehydrogenase activity in the haemolysate was concentrated by repeated ammonium sulphate precipitation and gel filtration on Sephadex G-150. The 17beta-hydroxy steroid dehydrogenase activity of the purified preparation per unit weight of protein was 350-3000 times higher than the activity of the crude erythrocyte haemolysate. The 20alpha-hydroxy steroid dehydrogenase activity was lost during this purification procedure. 2. The 17beta-hydroxy steroid dehydrogenase was NADP-dependent and had a pH optimum for conversion of testosterone between 8.5 and 10. For the molecular weight of the enzyme a value of 64000 was calculated from Sephadex chromatography results. 3. p-Chloromercuribenzoate inhibited the enzymic activity. The oxidative activity of the enzyme for the 17beta-hydroxyl group was only partly inhibited when a large excess of 17-oxo steroids was added. The catalysing activity of the enzyme was influenced by the NADP(+)/NADPH ratio. The oxidation of the 17beta-hydroxyl group in the presence of NADP(+) proceeded faster than the reduction of the 17-oxo group with NADPH. When both reduced and oxidized cofactors were present the oxidation of the 17beta-hydroxyl group was inhibited to a considerable extent. 4. The enzyme had a broad substrate specificity and not only catalysed the conversion of androstanes with a 17beta-hydroxyl group, or 17-oxo group, but also the conversion oestradiolleft arrow over right arrowoestrone. In addition the steroid conjugates dehydroepiandrosterone sulphate and oestrone sulphate were also converted. There were no indications that more than one 17beta-hydroxy steroid dehydrogenase was present in the partially purified preparation.