Sep 30, 2021
Logos i Ethos
In the present research paper I focus on the issues concerned with the perspective adopted by Rev. Jozef Tischner in his review of Leszek Kolakowski’s life and philosophical work. I demonstrate – which is the main purpose of the paper – that this perspective is determined by the Tischnerian discovery of the so-called “basic conviction” in Kolakowski’s writings. Such a conviction was of crucial significance for his philosophical apologetics of Marxism as well as his radical criticism of the Church, and communism founded on Marxism. As Jozef Tischner poses the question about the “basic conviction,” he proves that in Kolakowski’s philosophy from the beginning it centres around ethical issues, and in particular the idea of human rights. It is in these that Tischner discerns the central theme in Leszek Kolakowski’s philosophy. In this way Tischner paints a picture of Kolakowski as a philosopher of actually one thought which matures in his work at various levels, but above all at the level of understanding of man, religion and the Church.