Apr 1, 1997
The Classical Review
R. emphasizes the links between the region and Delphi (p. 62). A good example of this is the honorific inscription to Aristainos of Dyme by the koinon of the Achaians at Delphi (no. 630), which can be linked to Aristainos' own dedication at Corinth in honour of T. Quinctius Flamininus, almost certainly in 196/5 B.C. (no. 629). By far the most prominent city was Pellene, a number of its proxenoi being honoured by Delphi from 340/39 through to the mid-third century (nos 631-47). Surprisingly Olympia has yielded little epigraphic evidence for Achaians. One of the main inscriptions is a list of the different cities in the Achaian confederation dating to 122 B.C. (no. 598), as well as an honorific inscription for Kallikrates of Leontion by the Spartan exiles in 179 B.C. (no. 626). However, this information is supplemented by literary sources which provide victories for citizens of Dyme (no. 8 = no. 127, stadion, 756 B.C.; see also no. 242; and cf. no. 372), Hyperasia (no. 9 = no. 128, stadion, 688 B.C.), Pellene (no. 11 = no. 130, stadion, diaulon, hoplon, 542 or 512 B.C.; no. 373), Aigion (no. 12 = no. 131, stadion, 280 B.C.; no. 14 = no. 133, stadion A.D.49 and 61), and Patras (no. 13 = no. 132, stadion, 20 B.C.). This Achaian athletic prowess continued in later periods and is illustrated by a series of victories at agonistic festivals throughout Greece, including the Caesarea at Isthmia (nos 709-715). Although the Achaian agonistic festivals will presumably feature in later volumes of this series, a selection of victors, known both from inscriptions (nos 703-708) and literary sources (e.g. nos 382-386), is provided. A number of relevant inscriptions have been found in the sanctuary of Asklepios at Epidauros. These include a list of the nomographoi of the Achaians which has a terminus post quern of 229/8 B.C. (no. 597); an honorific inscription of Habrosuna son of Theoxis of Aigion erected by the Epidaurians in the mid-second century B.C. (no. 622); and another in honour of Archon son of Philokles of Aigeira set up by the Spartans in the first century A.D. (no. 620). The Arsinoe mentioned in a boundary dispute with Epidauros—and which was arbitrated by various Achaian cities—is the renamed polis of Methana which at the time was under Ptolemaic occupation (no. 695; see C. B. Mee et al, Methana, Liverpool, in press). Those involved with this major regional study have decided to adopt a policy whereby the literary, epigraphic (local and external), and archaeological evidence is divided between several volumes. Thus Dyme is discussed (or will be discussed) in Paysages d'Achaie I, Achaie I (literary and epigraphic) and / / / (inscriptions found at Dyme). No doubt such fragmentation will be overcome by the provision of comprehensive indices in the final volumes. Nevertheless this is a wide-ranging survey of the evidence which will form the basis of detailed research into the development and history of Achaia.