F. Iikawa, M. Brasil, C. Adriano
Aug 11, 2005
Physical review letters
We present a systematic experimental and theoretical study of the first-order phase transition of epitaxially grown MnAs thin films under biaxial tensile stress. Our results give direct information on the dependence of the phase-transition temperature of MnAs films on the lattice parameters. We demonstrate that an increase of the lattice constant in the hexagonal plane raises the phase-transition temperature (T(p)), while an increase of the perpendicular lattice constant lowers T(p). The results of calculations based on density functional theory are in good agreement with the experimental ones. Our findings open exciting prospects for magneto-mechanical devices, where the critical temperature for ferromagnetism can be engineered by external stress.