Syafri Ahmad, Syafri Ahmad, Ary Kiswanto Kenedi
Dec 1, 2019
Proceedings of the 5th International Conference on Education and Technology (ICET 2019)
The background of this study is the weakness of higher-order thinking skill of elementary education major students. Thus, we need a suitable learning model used to improve the higher-order thinking skill of elementary education major students. The purpose of this study is to determine the effectiveness of problembased learning, problem-solving and problem-posing in improving the higher-order thinking skill of students of elementary education major. This research uses a factorial design. The sample used in this study is a random sampling technique. The sample includes three classes of fifth-semester students. Three classes apply different learning models. The first class uses a problem-based learning model, the second class uses the problem-solving model and the third class uses the problem posing model. The sample used in this study is 117 students. The result shows that the higher-order thinking skill of students with problem-based learning has a significant difference compared to those with problem posing, but it is not significant as students with problem-solving. This research shows that problem-based learning is the most effective model in improving the ability of higher-order thinking skill of elementary education students compared with problem-solving and problem posing. This study implies that the lecturers of elementary education major can improve the higher-order thinking skill of related students by using problem-based learning.