Jun 1, 1969
Journal of Verbal Learning and Verbal Behavior
The possibility of learning grammatical sequence patterns independently of any associations between particular words is demonstrated through the use of substitution drills. Sixteen S s were drilled extensively in producing simple Russian sentences of three different patterns. Sixteen control S s were given explicit grammatical rules followed by equal training on the same set of words, learned separately. The S s trained with the pattern drills were faster and more accurate in producing, completing, and remembering Russian sentences than were control S s, although the test sentences contained none of the same sequences of particular words that had occurred in the pattern drill training. A third group of sixteen S s, trained by a combination of the two methods, performed better than control S s but not as well as drill S s. The results are not easily interpreted in terms of associations or of consciously learned rules.