Chong Ge, Ming Sun, Ruo-Yu Liu
Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society: Letters
Multiwavelength observations show that Abell 1367 (A1367) is a dynamically young cluster, with at least two subclusters merging along the SE–NW direction. With the wide-field XMM–Newton mosaic of A1367, we discover a previously unknown merger shock at the NW edge of the cluster. We estimate the shock Mach number from the density and temperature jumps as Mρ = 1.21 ± 0.08 and MT = 1.60 ± 0.07, respectively. This shock region also corresponds to a radio relic discovered with the VLA and GBT, which could be produced by the shock re-acceleration of pre-existing seed relativistic electrons. We suggest that some of the seed relativistic electrons originate from late-type, star-forming galaxies in this region.