Y. Takayama, A. Sueoka, T. Kondou

2006

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Abstract

If a conducting plate moves through a nonuniform magnetic field, eddy currents are induced in the conducting plate. The eddy currents produce a magnetic force of drag, known as Fleming's left-hand rule. This rule means that a magnetic field perpendicular to the direction of movement generates a magnetic damping force. We have fabricated the eddy current damper composed of the spherical magnet and the conducting shell. The spherical magnet produces the axisymmetric magnetic field, and the shape of the conducting shell appears to combine a semispherical shell conductor and a cylinder conductor. When the eddy current damper works, the conducting shell is fixed in space, and the spherical magnet moves under the conducting shell. In this case, since there are magnetic flux densities perpendicular to the direction of movement, eddy currents flow inside the conducting shell, and then a magnetic force is produced. The reaction force of this magnetic force acts on the spherical magnet. In our study, eddy current dampers composed of a magnet and a conducting plate have been modeled using infinitesimal loop coils. As a result, magnetic damping forces are obtained. Our modeling has three merits as follows: the equation of a magnetic damping force is simple in the equation, we can use the static magnetic field obtained using FEM, the Biot-Savart law or experiments and the equation automatically satisfies boundary conditions using infinitesimal loop coils. In this study, we explain simply the principle of this method, and model an eddy current damper composed of a spherical magnet and a conducting shell. The analytical results of the modeling agree well with the experimental results.Copyright © 2006 by ASME

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