A. Marzouki, J. Lavergne, J. Reboud
Apr 6, 1990
Biochimica et biophysica acta
Free- and EF-2-bound 80 S ribosomes, within the high-affinity complex with the non-hydrolysable GTP analog: guanylylmethylenediphosphonate (GuoPP(CH2)P), and the low-affinity complex with GDP, were treated with trypsin under conditions that modified neither their protein synthesis ability nor their sedimentation constant nor the bound EF-2 itself. Proteins extracted from trypsin-digested ribosomes were unambiguously identified using three different two-dimensional gel electrophoresis systems and 5 S RNA release was checked by submitting directly free- and EF-2-bound 80 S ribosomes, incubated with trypsin, to two-dimensional gel electrophoresis. Our results indicate that the binding of (EF-2)-GuoPP[CH2]P to 80 S ribosomes modified the behavior of a cluster of five proteins which were trypsin-resistant within free 80 S ribosomes and trypsin-sensitive within the high-affinity complex (proteins: L3, L10, L13a, L26, L27a). As for the binding of (EF-2)-GDP to 80 S ribosomes, it induced an intermediate conformational change of ribosomes, unshielding only protein L13a and L27a. Quantitative release of free intact 5 S RNA which occurred in the first case but not in the second one, should be related to the trypsinolysis of protein(s) L3 and/or L10 and/or L26. Results were discussed in relation to structural and functional data available on the ribosomal proteins we found to be modified by EF-2 binding.