A. Garber, R. Schwartz, C. Seidel
Sep 10, 1980
The Journal of biological chemistry
Interactins between skeletal muscle protein and amino acid metabolism were investigated using C57BL and 129ReJ mice with hereditary muscular dystrophy. On incubation, hind limb muscle preparations from dystrophic mice released large quantities of amino acids, particularly alanine and glutamine which were increased 70% and 40% compared to muscles from carrier or control mice. The increased alanine release did not result from altered alanine oxidation to CO2 or reincorporation into protein. Alanine and glutamine formation from added amino acids were equal with dystrophic and control muscles. Incorporation in vitro of leucine, alanine, and glutamate into proteins of dystrophic muscle was 3- to 7-fold greater than control muscle, and the incorporation in vivo of [3H]- or [14C]arginine into muscle proteins was greater in extent and earlier in time with dystrophic as compared to control muscle. Proteins were also labeled in vivo using [guanido-14C]arginine. On incubation of these muscles in vitro, a 100% greater loss of label from protein was observed with dystrophic as compared to control preparations, and the appearance of label in the media was correspondingly increased. Sodium dodecyl sulfate-gel electrophoresis of dystrophic skeletal muscle showed numerous protein bands to be reduced in density, but autoradiographic studies demonstrated that these same bands were more highly labeled in vitro by [35S]methionine in dystrophic than in control muscle. Although insulin stimulation of glucose uptake was markedly blunted in dystrophic muscle, insulin inhibited alanine and glutamine release equally from both control and dystrophic muscle. These data indicate that alanine and glutamine formation and release are increased in hereditary mouse muscular dystrophy. An accelerated degradation and an increased resynthesis of many muscle proteins were also observed in dystrophic compared to control animals. This increased proteolysis may account for the increased alanine and glutamine formation in dystrophic muscle.