A. V. Van Mondfrans, R. Travers
Mar 1, 1965
Journal name not available for this finding
Kale and Grosslight (1955) report a study in which the task was to write the correct Russian words when presented with their English equivalents. The presentation modes were the visual-print, the visualpictorial, the visual-pictorial with motion (the object representing the word was shown in motion), the audio and the kinesthetic (the S's vocalization of the learning materials), and their combinations. It was found that the presentation mode did make a difference in the amount of Russian vocabulary learned, with the visual-pictorial-with-motion mode being superior to the visual-print (p < .05) and to the complex combination of the visual-print, audio, kinesthetic, and visual-pictorial modes (p < .01). The audio mode was the least effective.