C. Mittal, R. Shah
Feb 1, 2019
BACKGROUND AND AIMS Per-oral pancreatoscopy (POP) permits direct evaluation of the pancreatic duct for the visualization and sampling of neoplastic lesions and treatment of pancreatic duct stones by using intraductal lithotripsy techniques. Pancreatic laser endotherapy of mucosa has been described in animal models for tumor ablation, but human experience is lacking. We describe 3 unique and challenging clinical situations that benefited from pancreatic laser dissection and ablation. CASE DESCRIPTION Case 1 was a 75-year-old woman with presumed divisum-associated chronic pancreatitis who had recurrent acute pancreatitis despite minor papilla sphincterotomy and therapeutic stent placement. POP showed a side-branch intraductal papillary mucinous neoplasm within the neck of the pancreas. POP-guided holmium laser ablation of neoplastic tissue was performed, followed by pancreatic stent placement every 6 months, with no further hospitalizations at 20 months of follow-up. Case 2 was a 69-year-old woman with divisum-associated chronic calcific pancreatitis and recalcitrant mid-body stenosis. Previous attempts at balloon dilation and stent placement failed to resolve the stenosis. POP-guided holmium laser dissection of the stenosis was pursued, with immediate radiographic resolution. Case 3 was a 65-year-old woman with chronic calcific pancreatitis and a large stone burden who underwent POP-guided electrohydraulic lithotripsy and partial stone extraction followed by stent placement. Unfortunately, the stent fractured during the subsequent removal attempt because the fragment was impacted in the pancreatic body. POP-guided laser dissection and lithotripsy were used to debulk dense fibrous tissue and stones surrounding the stent fragment, respectively, followed by removal. CONCLUSIONS Pancreatoscopy-guided laser endotherapy is a novel and potentially useful technique to manage difficult benign and neoplastic pancreatic disorders.