C. Bjerkén, A. Massih

Dec 18, 2012

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Philosophical Magazine

Abstract

The time-dependent Ginzburg-Landau (TDGL) equation for a single component non-conservative structural order parameter is used to study the spatio-temporal evolution of a second phase in the vicinity of an edge dislocation in an elastic crystalline solid. A symmetric Landau potential of sixth-order is employed. Dislocation field and elasticity modify the second-order and fourth-order coefficients of the Landau polynomial, respectively, where the former makes the coefficient singular at the origin. The TDGL equation is solved numerically using a finite volume method, where a wide range of parameter sets is explored. Computations are made for temperatures both above and below the transition temperature of a defect-free crystal . In both cases, the effects of the elastic properties of the solid and the strength of interaction between the order parameter and the displacement field are examined. If the system is quenched below , a steady state is first reached on the compressive side of the dislocation. On the tensile side, the growth is held back. The effect of thermal noise term in the TDGL equation is studied. We find that if the dislocation is introduced above , thermal noise supports the nucleation of the second phase, and a steady state will be attained earlier than if the thermal noise was absent. For a dislocation-free solid, we have compared our numerical computations for a mean-field (spatially averaged) order parameter versus time with the late time growth of the ensemble-averaged order parameter, calculated analytically, and find that both results follow upper asymptotes of sigmoid curves.

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