C. Davis, J. Manteuffel
Dec 1, 2012
Western Journal of Emergency Medicine
We report a case of altered mental status secondary to acute Toxoplasma Gondii encephalitis. The patient had no medical or surgical history and presented with acute onset of lethargy with no clear precipitant. A physical exam revealed no focal neurological deficits and a subsequent medical workup revealed multiple intracranial lesions with a biopsy confirming the diagnosis of Toxoplasma Gondii encephalitis in the setting of newly diagnosed human immunodeficiency virus (HIV). A literature review revealed that this is a unique case of toxoplasmic encephalopathy in the United States in a previously undiagnosed HIV positive patient presenting to an emergency department.