Leonid Konevcov, Vladimir He, Evgeniy Kim
Apr 18, 2022
The study objective is to obtain and study metal matrix alloys based on NiAl intermetallic compound with different concentrations of Ni for forming wear-resistant coatings on steel 45. The problems to which the paper is devoted are: obtaining electrode materials based on NiAl intermetallic compound with different concentrations of Ni and studying their structure; studying the mass transfer during electrospark deposition on steel 45; studying the comparative wear resistance of the coatings obtained. Research methods: electrode alloys are obtained by the method of liquid-phase self-propagating high-temperature synthesis; electro spark alloying is used to create wear-resistant coatings; the microstructure of the obtained alloys is studied by the method of metallographic analysis. The novelty of the work: for the first time, the influence of different Ni concentration values on the wear resistance of NiAl electrospark coatings on steel 45 is studied. Study results: the microstructure of the obtained alloys consists of doped Cr and Co grains of NiAl matrix with a different Ni/Al ratio, along the boundaries of which the compounds of all alloy components are located. When forming coatings by electrospark method, time dependences of changes in anode erosion, cathode gain and mass transfer coefficient are obtained. Conclusions: NiAl metal-based alloys with different concentrations of Ni were smelted using a liquid-phase SHS method using charge consisting of metal oxides and mineral concentrates containing tungsten and zirconium; the microstructure of the obtained alloys consists of doped Cr and Co grains baseds on NiAl, along which boundaries compounds of all the constituent components of the alloy are concentrated, including Zr and W. Experimental results of anode erosion, cathode gain, and mass transfer coefficient were obtained while forming the coatings with the alloys using electrospark method, and it was found during wear resistance tests that with an increase of Ni concentration in the alloy, the wear resistance increases.