T. Decker, D. Janzing, T. Beth
Aug 19, 2003
International Journal of Quantum Information
Each platonic solid defines a single-qubit positive operator-valued measure (POVM) by interpreting its vertices as points on the Bloch sphere. We construct simple circuits for implementing these kinds of measurements and other simple types of symmetric POVMs on one qubit. Each implementation consists of a discrete Fourier transform and some elementary quantum operations followed by an orthogonal measurement in the computational basis.