Y. Yokoi, T. Adachi, Rina Sugimoto
Jan 30, 2021
Biochemical and biophysical research communications
Paneth cells and Lgr5+ intestinal stem cells (Lgr5+ ISCs) constitute the stem cell niche and maintain small intestinal epithelial integrity by recognizing various niche factors derived from subepithelial cells and external antigens. Although it has been known that interferon-γ (IFN-γ), a Th1 cytokine, is associated with intestinal epithelial disruption during inflammation as a niche factor, dynamics of Paneth cells and Lgr5+ ISCs in response to IFN-γ remain to be understood. Here we show that CAG-tdTomato;Lgr5-EGFP (CT-LE) mice generated in this study enable to identify Paneth cells and Lgr5+ ISCs separately by fluorescence signals. Lgr5+ ISCs underwent cell death a little earlier than Paneth cells in response to IFN-γ by simultaneous tracking using CT-LE mice. In addition, the timing of cell death in most Paneth cells overlapped with Lgr5+ ISCs, suggesting that Paneth cell depletion is induced directly by IFN-γ. Taken together, we established a novel simultaneous stem cell niche tracking method and clarified the involvement of both Paneth cells and Lgr5+ ISCs in stem cell niche damage induced by IFN-γ, further contribute to understanding the mechanism for maintaining intestinal homeostasis by stem cell niche.