Men Fu-Dian, Liu Hui, Fan Zhao-Lan
Chinese Physics B
Based on the analytical expression of relativistic free energy for a weakly interacting Fermi gas in a weak magnetic field, by using the method of quantum statistics, the stability conditions of the system at both high and low temperatures are given, and the effects of magnetic field and interparticle interactions on the stability of the system are analysed. It is shown that at high temperatures, the stability conditions of the system are completely the same, no matter whether it is the ultrarelativistic case or nonrelativistic case. At extremely low temperatures, the mechanical stability conditions of the system show a similar rule through a comparison between the ultrarelativistic case and nonrelativistic case. At the same time, thermal stability of a relativistic Bose gas in a weak magnetic field is discussed, and the influence of the effect of relativity on the thermal stability of the system is investigated.