M. Kangasniemi, Suyen Karki, N. Colley
Aug 1, 2019
International journal of nursing practice
BACKGROUND Future nursing shortages and advanced technological developments mean that robots and automated devices could play a valuable role in nursing, but little has been published on their use, and outcomes, to date. AIM This integrative review identified how robots are currently used in nursing and the outcomes of those initiatives. DESIGN This study used integrative review using the Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analyses. DATA SOURCES We searched the CINAHL, PubMed, Web of Science, and Scopus databases for peer-reviewed papers published in English from January 2010 to August 2018. REVIEW METHODS The five-stage review process by Whittemore and Knafl was used. RESULTS The 25 included papers showed that robots and automated devices were mainly used in nursing to deliver medication, monitor patients, and provide nursing treatments. The outcomes were evaluated in relation to patient safety, working time and workload, usability, and the end users' satisfaction. In addition, the costs, care outcomes, nurses' behaviour, and changes in working procedures were considered. CONCLUSIONS Robots and automated devices have the potential to develop nurses' work, but more research and critical evaluations are needed to find the most suitable devices and focus on the functions that will provide the best outcomes for nurses' work.