Ronald O. Pitner, Izumi Sakamoto
Oct 1, 2005
The American journal of orthopsychiatry
Given the strengths of developing critical consciousness in multicultural practice, why do roadblocks persist? This article examines how the strengths of developing critical consciousness in multicultural practice can paradoxically become its limitation. Literatures from counseling psychology, clinical psychology, social psychology, social work, feminist theory, and critical theory are integrated in a discussion of the various components and strengths involved in working toward critical consciousness. This literature is then used to discuss some of the cognitive and affective limitations to achieving critical consciousness. Implications for practice are discussed.