V. K. Kizhakkekalam, K. Chakraborty
Nov 2, 2020
Archives of Microbiology
Ever since the development of the first antibiotic compound with anticancer potential, researchers focused on isolation and characterization of prospective microbial natural products with potential anti-infective and anticancer activities. The present work describes the production of bioactive metabolites by heterotrophic bacteria associated with intertidal seaweeds with potential anti-infective and anticancer activities. The bacteria were isolated in a culture-dependent method and were identified as Shewanella algae MTCC 12715 (KX272635) and Bacillus amyloliquefaciens MTCC 12716 (KX272634) based on combined phenotypic and genotypic methods. Further, the bacteria were screened for their ability to inhibit drug-resistant infectious pathogens and prevent cell proliferation of human liver carcinoma (HepG2) and breast cancer (MCF7) cell lines, without affecting the normal cells. Significant anti-infective activity was observed with bacterial cells and their organic extracts against broad-spectrum multidrug-resistant pathogens, such as vancomycin-resistant Enterococcus faecalis , methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus, Klebsiella pneumonia and Pseudomonas aeruginosa with minimum inhibitory concentration ≤ 3.0 µg mL −1 as compared to the antibiotic agents’ chloramphenicol and ampicillin, which were active at ≥ 6.25 mg mL −1 . The extracts also exhibited anticancer activity in a dose-responsive pattern against HepG2 (with IC 50 , half maximal inhibitory concentration ~ 78–83 µg mL −1 ) and MCF7 (IC 50 ~ 45–48 µg mL −1 ) on tetrazolium bromide screening assay with lesser cytotoxic effects on normal fibroblast (L929) cell lines (IC 50 > 100 µg mL −1 ). The results revealed that seaweed-associated heterotrophic bacteria could occupy a predominant role for a paradigm shift towards the development of prospective anti-infective and anticancer agents.