Journal of Pure and Applied Algebra
Abstract Define a module representation to be a linear parameterisation of a collection of module homomorphisms over a ring. Generalising work of Knuth, we define duality functors indexed by the elements of the symmetric group of degree three between categories of module representations. We show that these functors have tame effects on average sizes of kernels. This provides a general framework for and a generalisation of duality phenomena previously observed in work of O'Brien and Voll and in the predecessor of the present article. We discuss applications to class numbers and conjugacy class zeta functions of p-groups and unipotent group schemes, respectively.