N. Kuznetsova, T. Ermakova, A. Pozdnyakov
Nov 1, 2013
Russian Chemical Bulletin
Novel organic-inorganic nanocomposites were synthesized by chemical reduction of silver ions from silver acetate in DMSO and DMF solutions in the presence of the stabilizing copolymer of 1-vinyl-1,2,4-triazole-acrylonitrile. The solvents DMSO and DMF can act as efficient reducing agents for silver ions, which makes it possible to carry out the reaction under mild conditions and simplify procedures of nanocomposite isolation. The structure and properties of the starting copolymer and related nanocomposites were characterized by UV, IR, and 1H and 13C NMR spectroscopy, as well as transmission electron microscopy and thermogravimetry. The prepared polymer nanocomposites contain 6.8–7.2% silver in the form of nanoparticles with a size of 2–20 nm uniformly dispersed in the polymer matrix. The nanocomposites are readily soluble in DMSO and DMF and do not decompose on heating to 260 °C.