V. Shilov, Y. Borkovskaya
Oct 21, 2010
The classical Pauly-Schwan electrical model of the biological cell is generalized by considering the diffusion processes that occur due to the selective (with respect to ions of different signes of charges) conductivity of surface cell structures (cytoplasmic membrane and electrical double layer). The analytical theory of the dispersion of the permittivity of biological cell suspensions that cover a broad frequency band that includes three typical (for these systems) dispersion regions α, β, and γ is constructed using the generalized model, whereas the classical model describes only β and γ regions. Very large values of permittivity and their complete stipulation by the ionic selectivity of surface structures, which are characteristic for the region of α dispersion, predetermine the unique sensitivity of low-frequency dielectric spectrum to the effective conductivity of the membrane of a living cell, which can find important applications in biology and medicine.