Wiebke Peschken, Marianne E. Johnson
This investigation examined the Rogerian assertions that therapists' trust in their clients underlies therapists' experience of empathy, positive regard, unconditional regard, and congruence in the therapeutic relationship, and that therapists' demonstration of these “facilitative attitudes” is associated with clients' trust in their therapists. Seventeen experienced therapists and 48 clients involved in ongoing individual psychotherapy completed self-report questionnaires of these variables. Partial support for the Rogerian assertions was found. Therapist trust in their clients correlated positively with therapist ratings of the facilitative conditions, and client ratings of their therapists' facilitative attitudes correlated with clients' trust in their therapists. However, therapist ratings of trust and the facilitative attitudes did not show the expected correlations with client ratings of the same measures. Examination of correlations between individual facilitative attitudes suggested a more complex...