P. Lin, Po-Wei Lee, Yu-Hsuan Lin
Nov 5, 2019
arXiv: Materials Science
Spin Hall effect plays an essential role in generating spin current from the injected charge current, following the Dyakonov-Perel rule that the directions of charge flow, spin flow and spin polarization are mutually perpendicular to each other. Recently, its generalization from an antiferromagnet, so-called magnetic spin Hall effect, has been studied and verified by measuring anomalous spin accumulations. Here, we investigate the magnetic spin Hall effect in bilayer materials made of a heavy metal and an antiferromagnet. The spin current generated by the magnetic spin Hall effect accomplishes spin-orbit-torque switching for ferromagnetic magnetization and exchange bias concurrently without any external magnetic field. The switching mechanism crucially relies on the non-collinear spin texture in the antiferromagnet, capable of generating symmetry-breaking components in the spin-current tensor so that the external magnetic field is no longer necessary. The zero-field concurrent switching of magnetization and exchange bias is a significant technological breakthrough. Furthermore, our findings pave the way to explore the magnetic spin Hall effects in various spin textures through spin-orbit-torque switching.