C. Jean, G. Tancrède, S. Rousseau-Migneron
Aug 1, 1991
Canadian journal of physiology and pharmacology
Even if it is well established that epinephrine is a hormone originating from the adrenal medullae, the reappearance of circulating epinephrine has been reported in rats a few days after adrenodemedullation. To verify if the extra-adrenal tissue responsible for this epinephrine production can be stimulated, sham-operated or adrenodemedullated rats, either trained or kept sedentary, were submitted to an acute exercise stimulation test. Blood sampling was done before and after the test in precannulated rats for the determination of plasma epinephrine, norepinephrine, and corticosterone levels. Basal epinephrine levels were significantly reduced in trained and sedentary adrenodemedullated rats compared with their sham-operated counterparts. In response to exercise, there was no significant rise in epinephrine levels in both groups of adrenodemedullated rats. The norepinephrine levels in the basal state and in response to exercise were not altered by adrenodemedullation nor by physical conditioning. Basal corticosterone levels were similar between adrenodemedullated and sham-operated animals, either trained or kept sedentary. In response to exercise, corticosterone levels increased significantly in each group of rats but to a lesser extent in both groups of adrenodemedullated animals. These data indicate that the extra-adrenal epinephrine secretion that develops in the absence of adrenal medullae is not influenced by acute exercise nor by physical training.