L. Ding, Peng Zhao, Minlie Yang
Sep 1, 2018
Biochemical and biophysical research communications
GDC-0084 is a novel and potent small-molecule PI3K-mTOR dual inhibitor. The present study examined its potential activity in cutaneous squamous cell carcinoma (cSCC) cells. Our results show that GDC-0084 treatment at nanomole concentrations potently inhibited survival and proliferation of established (A431, SCC-13 and SCL-1 lines) and primary human cSCC cells. GDC-0084 induced apoptosis activation and cell cycle arrest in the cSCC cells. It was more efficient than other known PI3K-Akt-mTOR inhibitors in killing cSCC cells, but was non-cytotoxic to the normal human skin fibroblasts/keratinocytes. In A431 cells and primary cSCC cells, GDC-0084 blocked phosphorylation of key PI3K-Akt-mTOR components, including p85, Akt, S6K1 and S6. GDC-0084 also inhibited DNA-PKcs activation in cSCC cells. Significantly, restoring DNA-PKcs activation by a constitutively active-DNA-PKcs (S2056D) partially inhibited GDC-0084-induced cell death and apoptosis in A431 cells. In vivo, GDC-0084 daily gavage potently inhibited A431 xenograft tumor growth in mice. In GDC-0084-treated tumor tissues PI3K-Akt-mTOR and DNA-PKcs activation were significantly inhibited. In summary, GDC-0084 inhibits human cSCC cell growth in vitro and in vivo through blocking PI3K-Akt-mTOR and DNA-PKcs signalings.